CBD 101

A Happy Plant Family

The cannabis family of plants is exactly that: a family of plants.
Within that cannabis family are hundreds of genetic variations where a grown plant hosts different concentrations of valuable cannabinoid compounds.

As the plant grows, it creates these compounds which - after harvest - can be extracted from the plant and used in a variety of products available today.

Hundreds of natural cannabinoid compounds are found in the cannabis family of plants. THC, CBD, CBG and CBN are the most well-known.

Marijuana is considered to be “high THC Cannabis”. This is because the concentrations of Delta-9 THC (a specific cannabinoid compound) are much, much higher, therefore facilitating the psychoactive response that is associated with that plant.

Hemp - on the other hand - is genetically designed to carry only a tiny concentration of Delta- THC. Hemp is rich in its non psychoactive cannabinoid sibling: CBD. It is because of the difference in genetics that hemp has been designated an agricultural commodity (in accordance with the 2018 Farm Bill) and products made from it (like Canna Hemp™) are available nationwide.

Once the hemp plant grows, is harvested and dried. Afterwards, it undergoes an extraction process to pull the precious plant compounds, such as cannabinoids and terpenes, to be used in high-quality, hemp-based products.

The two main cannabinoids in the cannabis plant are THC and CBD. In hemp, the main cannabinoid is CBD. Beyond that compound, however, are a host of cannabinoids such as CBG, CBN, and CBC. Canna Hemp™ now offers tinctures with CBG and CBN.

Cannabinoids and terpenes synergize together and are often referred to as an entourage effect. The cannabinoids can be kept together, or they can be separated in order to use singular compounds like CBD, as the main component- these are referred to as spectrums.

These spectrums and compound blends can come in varied formulas and concentrations. 

FULL SPECTRUM – BROAD SPECTRUM –ISOLATE Understanding the difference

Full Spectrum

Products labelled Full Spectrum contain all of the naturally occurring cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids found in the cannabis plant, with nothing removed. These compounds work together to create the Entourage Effect, which is the synergy between all the compounds multiplying their effects. The Entourage Effect is a significant factor in medicinal outcomes acquired from varying cannabis strains and products.

Broad Spectrum

Broad Spectrum products retain all the compounds (cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids) with the exception of THC. Discover Canna Hemp™ Broad Spectrum Gummies. Broad Spectrum provides an enhanced Entourage Effect with the benefit of containing no THC.

Isolate

Isolate is the extracted cannabinoid in its purest form. All other compounds, terpenes and flavonoids are removed, including THC. Using isolated cannabinoids and terpenes allows for maintaining exact formulations. Most Canna Hemp™ products are made with isolate, providing 99% pure CBD, CBG or CBN in our formulas.

How It Fits?

CBD and other cannabinoids work with the body’s own endocannabinoid system (ECS). The endocannabinoid system is present in all mammals. Discovered in the 1990’s, the ECS was found to be working with other organs, the nervous system and immune cells to assist in creating homeostasis (balance) within the different systems.

In the endocannabinoid system, there are endogenous cannabinoids (compounds made by the body), cannabinoid receptors (to be matched with the cannabinoids), and enzymes (to break down the waste once the job is done). Interestingly
enough, the plant cannabinoid compounds also match the receptors of the body,
working with the system to assist with the work that it does.

CBD is believed to link up to the CB2 receptors of the ECS which are found throughout the peripheral nervous system, organs and immune cells.

CB1

Present in the nervous system, connective tissues, and others organs.

CB2

Present in the immune system. Activating these endocannabinoid receptors by ingesting CBD may assist physiological processes like appetite, mood and so much more.